Adige Valley Target Area

TEAMx – Activities in the Adige Valley Target Area (AVTA)

Target Area representatives: Dino Zardi and Lorenzo Giovannini, University of Trento

Last updated: 02 January 2023

Permanent infrastructure operated during the TEAMx Observational Campaign

  • Mezzolombardo site: Operated by the University of Trento and the Environmental Protection Agency of the Autonomous Province of Trento, this site is located about 20 km north of Trento in the Adige Valley in a vineyard. This site includes an eddy-covariance tower, soil sensors (soil temperature and moisture and ground heat flux) and an air quality station (PM10, NO2, O3). The eddy covariance tower is equipped with two 3-D sonic anemometers (5 and 10 m agl), one fast gas analyzer (5 m agl), two 2-D sonic anemometers (3 and 7 m agl), four thermohygrometers (3, 5, 7 and 10 m agl) and one 4-channel net radiometer (12 m agl).
  • Automatic weather station networks: Weather stations in the AVTA are operated by the Meteorological Office of the Autonomous Province of Trento (Meteotrentino1), the Edmund Mach Foundation2 and the Meteorological Office of the Autonomous Province of Bolzano3, with more than 200 stations in total.
  • Eddy covariance stations: the Free University of Bolzano operates the sloping Renon forest station, north of the Adige Valley and the sloping vineyard station at Caldaro, south of Bolzano. The Edmund Mach Foundation operates two flux stations at Monte Bondone (one on peatland and one on grassland) and another at Lavarone (grassland), located either side of the Adige Valley. Northwest of the AVTA are the flux stations in the Matsch/Mazia Valley LTER study area.
  • Temperature profiler: The Environmental Protection Agency of the Autonomous Province of Trento operates a temperature profiler (MTP-5HE) at the Bolzano airport.
  • Ceilometer: a ceilometer Jenoptik (CMH15k) is owned by the Environmental Protection Agency of the Province of Bolzano (the device is presently going to be repaired and upgraded);
  • Doppler wind lidar: A Doppler Wind Lidar (WINDCUBE 100S) operated by the University of Trento is installed at the airport of Trento. It will be moved to other target areas for specific IOPs.
  • Weather radar: The Meteorological Office of the Autonomous Province of Trento (Meteotrentino) and the Hydrographic Office of the Autonomous Province of Bolzano operate a dual-polarisation Doppler C-band radar at Monte Macaion (presently being upgraded, expected to be operational by the beginning of 2024)

TEAMx Observational Campaign (TOC)

Supersite Monte Baldo (summer EOP)

A target area on the east-facing side of Monte Baldo will be equipped with instruments to characterize the development of thermally driven slope winds, including turbulence properties, and their connections with the initiation of orographic convection.

[Contacts: Dino Zardi, University of Trento]

Modeling activities

  • Operational weather forecasts4: the University of Trento performs operational weather forecasts with the WRF model covering the AVTA at 1 km horizontal resolution. Weather forecasts are performed twice a day, initialized with GFS 00z and 12z and run for a maximum lead time of 72 hours. [Contacts: Lorenzo Giovannini, University of Trento]

Funded projects

  • INTERFACE5 (Investigating the surface energy balance over mountain areas) is a collaborative research project between the University of Trento, the University of Innsbruck, and EURAC Research. It aims at evaluating the uncertainties connected to the measurement of the surface energy balance at different sites in the Alpine environment, where processes related to the lack of closure of the surface energy balance are expected to be particularly significant. The main objectives of the project can be summarized in the following points: (i) quantify the imbalance of the surface energy balance at several Alpine sites characterized by different topographic and land cover features, in different seasons and under different meteorological conditions, (ii) determine a relation between the imbalance of the surface energy balance and the topographic and land cover characteristics of the sites, (iii) quantify the role of the advection due to local and mesoscale circulations in the non-closure of the surface energy balance at several Alpine sites, (iv) develop and test an UAV platform for spatially-distributed environmental measurements. Funding: EGTC European Region Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentino - IPN 187. [PIs: Lorenzo Giovannini, University of Trento; Mathias Rotach, University of Innsbruck; Stefano Tondini, EURAC]
  • DECIPHER (Disentangling mechanisms controlling atmospheric transport and mixing processes over mountain areas at different space- and timescales) is a collaborative project between the University of Trento, the Institute of Polar Sciences of the National Research Council (CNR-ISP), and the University of Bologna. The project will investigate processes controlling exchange of momentum, energy and substances between the Earth surface and the atmosphere, and transport processes, across a variety of scales, including turbulent mixing and the removal by precipitation scavenging. Field measurements will be performed at two selected target areas representative of two different mountain situations: the isolated peak of Col Margherita (Eastern Italian Alps) and an extended slope on a side of Monte Baldo (Central Italian Alps). Funding: Funded by the European Union under NextGenerationEU. PRIN 2022 Prot. n.2022 NEWP 4 J_ 001. [PIs: Dino Zardi, University of Trento, Warren Cairns, Institute of Polar Sciences, Federico Porcù, University of Bologna ]
  • ASTER6 (Atmospheric boundary-layer modeling over complex terrain) is a collaborative research project between the University of Innsbruck, the University of Trento, and the University of Bolzano. The objective is to evaluate the performance of turbulence and land-surface parameterizations in a numerical weather prediction model over complex Alpine terrain and to quantify the model’s sensitivity to potential errors in these parameterizations. Simulations are performed and analyzed for the IVTA and AVTA. Funding: EGTC European Region Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentino - IPN 101. [PIs: Manuela Lehner, University of Innsbruck; Lorenzo Giovannini, University of Trento; Leonardo Montagnani, University of Bolzano]
  1. https://www.meteotrentino.it/ 

  2. https://meteo.fmach.it/meteo/ 

  3. https://meteo.provincia.bz.it/ 

  4. meteo.unitn.it/ 

  5. https://sites.google.com/unitn.it/interface/ 

  6. https://www.uibk.ac.at/en/acinn/research/atmospheric-dynamics/projects/aster/